Author, Year Outcome IVP Clear definition of IVP Description of substance used Method of application Purpose Timing Frequency Duration
HPV Infection
Bui et. al, 2018 HPV Intravaginal washing, wiping & insertion -
Bui et. al, 2016 HPV Douching (analysed as intravaginal cleansing) - - - - -
Ebrahim et. al, 2016 HPV Intravaginal substance use/vaginal insertion practice - - - - -
Esber et. al, 2016 HPV Intravaginal cleansing & insertion - - -
Houlihan et. al, 2014 HPV Intravaginal cleansing & insertion - - -
Lee et. al, 2014 HPV Douching - - - - - -
Moscicki et. al, 2013 HPV redetection Douching - - - - - - -
Seay et. al, 2017 HPV Douching - - -
Shaw et. al, 2016 HPV Douching - - - - -
Sun et. al, 2005 HPV Douching - - - - -
Tarkowski et. al, 2004 HPV Douching - - - - - -
Cervical disease
Ali-Risasi et. al, 2015 LSIL or worse Plants & chemicals for vaginal care - - - - -
Bayo et. al, 2002 Invasive cervical carcinoma Douching - - - - -
Chu et. al, 2011 Non-regression or progression of LSIL Douching - - - - -
Gardner et. al, 1991 In-situ and invasive cervical carcinoma Douching - - - -
Mbizvo et. al, 2005 Cervical dyskaryosis Intravaginal cleansing & insertion - - - - - - -
Sagay et. al, 2009 Squamous intraepithelial lesions Douching - - -
van de Wijgert et. al, 2000 Dysplasia on Pap smear Intravaginal cleansing, wiping & insertion - -
HIV Infection
Luo et. al, 2016 HIV Douching (analysed as intravaginal cleansing) - - - -
Vandepitte et. al, 2011 HIV Intravaginal cleansing & insertion - - - -