Author (Year) [Publication type] Context Participants Ethnicity Gender Method
Adejoh et al., (2017) [Journal] Badagry, Lagos, Nigeria 30 Mixed (Egun; Hausa; Igbo; Ijaw; Yoruba) Married Ms In-depth Interviews (n = 30)
Adukwu (2015) [Thesis] Benue State, Nigeria, rural 22 Idoma Women (15-45 years) married with at least one child alive, and last delivery within past two years. 4 Focus Groups
Al-Mujtaba et al., (2016) [Journal] North-Central Nigeria 68 Hausa/Igbo Women 7 Focus Groups approximately 10 per group (n = 68)
Amakoromo (2016) [Thesis] Central Senatorial District, Bayelsa State, Nigeria 15 Ijaw Women In-depth Interviews (n = 15)
Banke-Thomas et al., (2017) Lagos, Nigeria 68 Yoruba, Igbo Ms and Fs (Doctors, Nurses/midwives, health facility managers, government officials) Focus Group Discussions(n=6) Key informant interviews (n=29)
Bohren et al., (2017) [Journal] Federal Capital Territory, Abuja metropolitan area of Nigeria 118 Mixed Women; Healthcare providers/ administrators (29F, 14M); 4 Focus Groups (n = 34); In-depth Interviews (n = 84; 41 with women, 17 with nurses/ midwives, 17 with doctors and 9 with administrators
Doctor et al., (2012) [Journal] Northern Nigeria; Katsina, Zamfara and Yobe states 974 Hausa or Kanuri Women who had attended maternity services; Community and local government leaders, TBAs, and health care providers. Focus Groups (n = 95) with an average of 9 participants approx. 855; Individual Interviews (n = 119)
Edu et al., (2017) [Journal] Cross River state, Nigeria 40 Many Ethnic/Sub-Ethnic Groups Female FGD (n=8)
Esienumoh et al., (2016) [Journal] Bakassi, Southern Nigeria 29 (plus FGs) Number of participants per FG was not stated Major ethnic group is Efik, also Ibibios, Annangs, Ijaws and Ibos. Women of child-bearing age; other childbearing-age women, menopausal women/mothers- in-law and TBAs. In-depth individual interviews (n = 29), Four Focus groups; Practices of 5 TBAs and one midwife were observed.
Exley et al., (2016) [Journal] Three study states: Enugu, Kwara and Kano from geopolitical zones with varying maternal mortality ratios (‘very high’ (North West), ‘high’ (North Central) and ‘moderate’ (South East) maternal mortality) 73 Interviews, 9 FGD with an average of 7 participants approximating 63 participants in FGD. Hence total= 136 Hausa/Fulani (North West); Yoruba (North); Igbo (South East) Women; Policymakers/key community leaders (Gender unspecified) Focus Groups (n = 9); In-depth Interviews (n = 73)
George (2017) [Thesis] Seven health facilities in Nkanu West Local Government Area (LGA) of Enugu State, Nigeria 45 Igbo Women 7 Focus Groups and In-depth Interviews (n = 45)
Igboanugo & Martin (2011) [Journal] South–south Nigeria; rural Niger delta community 8 Not stated (heterogeneous) Women Semi-Structured Interviews (n = 8)
Love (2013) [Journal] Southwest Nigeria; Ondo State 23 Yoruba (South West) Women 2 Focus Groups (n = 23)
Ogu et al., (2017) Multiple context 339 Multiple Fs (Pregnant or recently delivered) Focus Group Discussions (n=40)
Oguntunde et al., (2018) [Journal] Kaduna state and Jigawa state, Nigeria. 50 (+ focus groups: 6-8 people) Hausa Ms and Fs (Local government area secretaries) plus focus groups (ETS drivers; Mothers from the last year; Husbands; Health care providers; TBAs; Religious leaders) Focus groups (n = 24) Interviews (n = 50)
Ohaja and Murphy-Lawless (2017) [Journal] South-East Nigeria 17 Igbo Fs (Pregnant Women) In-depth Interviews (n=17)
Ojelade et al., (2017) [Journal] Akure, Nigeria 113 Yoruba (interviews also conducted in English) Fs of reproductive age, midwives, doctors, and facility administrators. In-depth interviews (IDIs) (n = 42) Focus group discussions (FGDs) (n = 10; 71)
Okafor et al., (2014) [Journal] Southwest Nigeria; Lagos state 25 Yoruba (South West) Women 3 Focus Groups (9,9,7) (n = 25)
Okonofua et al., (2017) [Journal] 4 geo political zones of Nigeria excluding (Northeast /Southeast) 339 Not documented Women 40 Focus Groups (n = 339)
Okonofua et al., (2018) [Journal] 4 geo political zones of Nigeria excluding (Northeast /Southeast) 339 Not documented Women 40 Focus Groups (n = 339)
Orpin et al., (2018) Benue state, Nigeria 32 Mixed (Tiv, Igala, Idoma, Igbo, Igede) Female FGD (n=32)
Osubor et al., (2006) [Journal] South–south Nigeria; Ologbo community 48? Various ethnic groups including: Binis and Ishans; Ikas, Urhobos, Isokos; and, Efiks and Ibibios. Women; Health workers Focus groups (n = 48 approx; 6 x 8 participants each (4 for women; 2 for health workers)
Sharma et al., (2017) Jigawa, Nigeria 4 to 20 Hausa, Fulani Ms and Fs In-depth Interviews (n=40)
Tukur et al., (2016) [Journal] Northwest Nigeria 192 Hausa & Fulani Healthcare workers (4F, 2M); TBAs (6F); Women Attendants & Mother-In-Laws (Fs); Father in Laws (Ms) Focus Groups (n = 180); In-depth Interviews (n = 12)
Wright et al., (2016) [Journal] Lagos State, South West Nigeria 39 Yoruba Fs receiving at least one of nine WHO recommended signal functions Focus group discussions (FGDs) (n = 6)
Yaya et al., (2019a) [Journal] Etsako East and Esan South East local government areas of Edo State, Nigeria 179 Not stated (interviews in Pidgin English; English) Ms (Varying ages) and Fs (15–45 yrs) Focus Group Discussion (FGDs) (n = 20)
Yaya et al., (2019b) [Journal] Edo state, Nigeria 128 Not stated Male FGD (n=9)