All Publications Low Income Lower Middle Income Upper Middle income
(n = 56) (n = 16) (n = 30) (n = 10)
Assessment Count (%) Count (%) Count (%) Count (%)
Physical Exam Findings
Chest Indrawing/ Retractions 21 (38%) 4 (25%) 12 (40%) 5 (50%)
Grunting 11 (20%) 5 (31%) 5 (17%) 1 (10%)
Cyanosis 10 (18%) 3 (19%) 5 (17%) 2 (20%)
Nasal Flaring 9 (16%) 4 (25%) 5 (17%) 0 (0%)
Wheezing 9 (16%) 2 (13%) 3 (10%) 4 (40%)
Head Bobbing 3 (5%) 2 (13%) 0 (0%) 1 (10%)
"Respiratory Distress"/ "Difficulty Breathing" 3 (5%) 0 (0%) 3 (10%) 0 (0%)
Crepitations, Rales, Crackles 5 (9%) 4 (25%) 0 (0%) 1 (10%)
Apnea 2 (4%) 0 (0%) 2 (7%) 0 (0%)
Other Exam Findings† 4 (7%) 1 (6%) 3 (10%) 0 (0%)
Vital Signs
Hypoxia/Low Oxygen Saturation 28 (50%) 8 (50%) 15 (50%) 5 (50%)
Tachypnoea /Abnormal Respiratory Rate 26 (46%) 4 (25%) 14 (47%) 8 (80%)
Fever 9 (16%) 2 (13%) 4 (13%) 3 (30%)
Radiology
Chest Xray Finding 8 (14%) 2 (13%) 5 (17%) 1 (10%)
Scores
Respiratory Scores 4 (7%) 1 ‡ (6%) 0 (0%) 3 § (30%)