|The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
The ability of households, communities and nations to absorb and recover from shocks, whilst positively adapting and transforming their structures and means for living in the face of long-term stresses, change and uncertainty.[@30453]
Resilience is about addressing the root causes of crises while strengthening the capacities and resources of a system in order to cope with risks, stresses and shocks.[@30453]
|UK Department for International Development (DFID)
||The ability of countries, communities and households to manage change by maintaining or transforming living standards in the face of shocks or stresses without compromising their long term prospects.[@30454]
|The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
||The ability of people, households, communities, countries, and systems to mitigate, adapt to, and recover from shocks and stresses in a manner that reduces chronic vulnerability and facilitates inclusive growth.[@30455]
|National Security Strategy doctrine, USA
||the ability to withstand and recover rapidly from deliberate attacks, accidents, natural disasters, as well as unconventional stresses, shocks and threats to the economy and democratic system.[@30456]
||A safeguard of sovereignty while safeguarding assets, infrastructure, and institutions.
||The ability of a system, community, or society to adapt to disturbances resulting from risks and perseverance, recovery or change to achieve and maintain an acceptable level of functioning.