Nutritional factor Under-five deaths Total P-value *
n (row %) N (column %)
Breastfeeding     <0.001
No 4832(10.7) 44999(32.0)
Yes 3066(3.2) 95428(68.0)
Maternal and Biological factors  
Preceding Birth Interval(months)   <0.001
<=24 5164(6.7) 77565(55.2)
>24 2734(4.3) 62862(44.8)
Birth in past five years   <0.001
1 2102(3.3) 63254(45.0)
2 3701(6) 62036(44.2)
3+ 2095(13.8) 15137(10.8)
Birth order number   <0.001
1 2813(6) 47237(33.6)
>=2 5085(5.5) 93190(66.4)
Birth weight in kilograms   <0.001
Less than 2.5 kg 1295(7.4) 17556(12.5)
2.5 kg or more 2439(3.2) 77270(55.0)
Missing 4164(9.1) 45601(32.5)
Sex of child   <0.001
Male 4277(5.8) 73394(52.3)
Female 3621(5.4) 67033(47.7)
Child is twin   <0.001
Single 7278(5.3) 138053(98.3)
Multiple 620(26.1) 2374(1.7)
Number of antenatal visits during pregnancy   <0.001
No antenatal visits 1134(5.1) 22259(15.9)
More than 4visits 1679(3.7) 44897(32.0)
At least 4 visits 888(2.8) 31402(22.4)
Missing 4197(10) 41869(29.8)
Delivery by caesarean section   <0.001
No 7313(5.7) 128068(91.2)
Yes 585(4.7) 12359(8.8)
Assistance at delivery   <0.001
Unskilled 2521(7) 35975(25.6)
Skilled 5329(5.1) 104452(74.4)
Missing 48(100) 48(0.0)
Delivery complications   <0.001
No 1736(3.4) 51681(36.8)
Yes 1958(4.1) 47477(33.8)
Missing 4204(10.2) 41269(29.4)
Place of delivery   <0.001
Institutional 5099(5.1) 100111(71.3)
Non institutional 2751(6.8) 40316(28.7)
Missing 48(100) 48(0.0)
Time before postnatal check up   <0.001
<4 hours 611(3.1) 19862(14.1)
4-23 hours 21(1.7) 1241(0.9)
1-2 days 85(2.4) 3521(2.5)
3+ days 124(1.7) 7438(5.3)
No check-up 2877(4.3) 66881(47.6)
Missing 4180(10.1) 41484(29.5)
Total 7898(5.6) 140427(100)