Socioeconomic factors Under-five deaths (yes) Total P-value *
n (row %) N (column %)
Highest educational level     <0.001
Illiterate 3753(6.5) 57932(41.3)
Primary 1348(6.1) 22046(15.7)
Secondary and above 2797(4.6) 60449(43.0)
Type of place of residence   <0.001
Urban 1214(4.5) 26724(19.0)
Rural 6684(5.9) 113703(81.0)
Covered by health insurance   0.243
No 7181(5.6) 127154(90.5)
Yes 717(5.4) 13273(9.5)
Wealth index   <0.001
Poor 5515(6.3) 88061(62.7)
Average 1203(5.3) 22567(16.1)
Rich 1180(4) 29799(21.2)
States   <0.001
Assam 518(5) 10309(7.3)
Bihar 1322(5.2) 25437(18.1)
Chhattisgarh 539(5.8) 9283(6.6)
Jharkhand 570(4.7) 12204(8.7)
Madhya Pradesh 1361(5.5) 24611(17.5)
Rajasthan 758(4.5) 16832(12.0)
Uttar Pradesh 2830(6.8) 41751(29.7)
Demographic factors  
Mothers age at birth(years)   <0.001
<20 1312(7.5) 17546(12.5)
20-29 5184(5.1) 101380(72.2)
30-39 1246(6.3) 19931(14.2)
>40 156(9.9) 1570(1.1)
Religion   0.044
Hindu 6481(5.7) 114195(81.3)
Muslim 1278(5.5) 23264(16.6)
Other 139(4.7) 2968(2.1)
Caste   <0.001
Scheduled caste 1760(6.4) 27511(19.6)
Scheduled tribe 1168(5.8) 20095(14.3)
Other Backward Classes 3758(5.5) 68271(48.6)
Other 1065(5) 21430(15.3)
Missing 147(4.7) 3120(2.2)
Environmental factors  
Type of cooking fuel   <0.001
Safe 1166(4.3) 26835(19.1)
Unsafe 6238(6) 104728(74.6)
Not a de jure resident 494(5.6) 8864(6.3)
Type of toilet facility   <0.001
Improved 1694(4.4) 38139(27.2)
Unimproved 5710(6.1) 93424(66.5)
Not a de jure resident 494(5.6) 8864(6.3)
Source of drinking water   0.238
Improved 6662(5.7) 117610(83.8)
Unimproved 742(5.3) 13953(9.9)
Not a de jure resident 494(5.6) 8864(6.3)
Total 7898(5.6) 140427(100)