Demographic characteristics Rwanda Uganda Difference by country Difference by gender
N (%) N (%) P-value Rwanda P-value Uganda P-value
Age (years):
13-15 122 (48.6) 401 (52.6) 0.277 0.929 0.011
16-23 129 (51.4) 362 (47.4)
Schooling completed:
Primary school or below 122 (48.6) 642 (87.6) < 0.001 0.108 0.625
Some secondary school 129 (51.4) 91 (12.4)
Gender:
Male 1118 (47.0) 376 (49.3) 0.533 - -
Female 133 (53.0) 387 (50.7)
Exposure to school violence:
During the past year, have you been hit, pushed, kicked or shoved on school property?
No 182 (81.3) 617 (85.0) 0.181 0.042 < 0.001
Yes 42 (18.7) 109 (15.0)
During the past year, has someone threatened or injured you with a weapon such as a gun, knife, or club on school property?
No 203 (91.0) 690 (95.0) 0.026 0.260 0.245
Yes 20 (9.0) 36 (5.0)
During the past year, have you been screamed or yelled at very loudly or aggressively at school?
No 215 (96.4) 632 (87.9) < 0.001 0.403 0.526
Yes 8 (3.6) 87 (12.1)
During the past year, has a teacher or principal offered you money, gifts, food, shelter, or a better grade in school if you had sex with him?
No 237 (98.8) 711 (98.9) 0.863 0.095 0.436
Yes 3 (1.2) 8 (1.1)
During the past year, have you had sexual intercourse with a teacher or principal because you hoped to receive money, gifts, food, services or shelter?
No 237 (98.8) 697 (98.0) 0.467 0.611 0.005
Yes 3 (1.2) 14 (2.0)
School safety, school fear, school attendance:
How much of the time do you feel safe at school?
All of the time 124 (51.9) 445 (61.0) < 0.001 0.098 0.050
Most of the time 44 (18.4) 163 (22.4)
Some of the time 69 (28.9) 110 (15.1)
None of the time 2 (0.8) 11 (1.5)
In the past three months, I have been scared to go to school:
Not true or hardly ever true 183 (76.9) 601 (82.3) < 0.001 0.028 0.047
Somewhat true or sometimes true 25 (10.5) 99 (13.6)
Very true or often true 30 (12.6) 30 (4.1)
During the past term, on how many days did you not go to school because you felt you would be unsafe at school or on your way to or from school?
0 days 167 (73.6) 555 (76.8) 0.049 0.109 0.001
1 day 13 (5.7) 46 (6.3)
2 or 3 days 15 (6.6) 55 (7.6)
4 or 5 days 7 (3.1) 27 (3.7)
6 or more days 11 (4.8) 25 (3.5)
Did not go to school in the past term (for other reason) 14 (6.2) 15 (2.1)